Monday, October 7, 2013

Wednesday, April 25, 2012


I was in search of question paper of previous selection test. But unfortunately didn't get it in internet. Now I want to share the descriptive question paper of Principal Selection test-KVS-2012.(based on my memory) 
Surely this will help those who are preparing for the post of principal in KVS, NVS.

10 questions have to be answered (in about 100-150 words.)
Time  3 hours

  1. 'India is a rich country with poor inhabitants'  what is your view about the statement. Discuss with example.
  2. What is BPL? What are main measures of estimating poverty in India. Review the present situation.
  3. 'Indian agriculture is a gamble with monsoon' discuss
  4. What is disguised unemployment? Suggest measures to overcome this problems.
  5. What is inclusive growth. Is its different from financial inclusion.
  6. What is meant by cost reduction ? What is the scope of cost reduction in educational institutes
  7. What is financial management? As a head of institute what steps you will take to maintain financial management in the institute.
  8. What are financial records. explain different types of  financial records
  9. What are the consequences of child marriage. under which act action is taken against child marriage.
  10. The government has recently decided that social sector such as education and health will also get infrastructure tag. What are the reasons for including these sectors under infrastructure tag. How will this decision help the economy.
  11. some people think crash in gold price will boost the economy. what are your views in this regard. discuss with strong argument.
  12. some people think education and knowledge are different. what do you think in this regard.

Sunday, March 13, 2011

Formative Assessment

Before you start reading this page just think of the assessment techniques used by you for a particular chapter or unit (whatever subject you teach), make a list of that, when and how to use that. ….
Now start reading….
First what is assessment? Assessment is act of finding out the strengths and weaknesses of the learner. The scope of Assessment goes from everyday classroom tests to board examinations, from morning to night, from during the teaching to after the teaching. When we talk of assessment we just think of unit tests (usually after three or four units!! Isn’t it funny?) or midterm or session ending exams. But society is changing very fast; we can’t expect our children to learn in the same way as we did 20/25 years ago. Today's society has moved from an industrial to an information-based society that relies on a far greater use and application of technological understanding and has goals that promote equal opportunity for learning for all its citizens. So the techniques should be changed. Basically these assessments can be categorized in two types. One during teaching and other after the teaching.  One during the formation (of knowledge) days and other after the term.
Formative Assessment is part of the instructional process. When incorporated into classroom practice, it provides the information needed to adjust teaching and learning while they are happening. In this sense, formative assessment informs both teachers and students about student understanding at a point when timely adjustments can be made. These adjustments help to ensure students achieve, targeted standards-based learning goals within a set time frame. Although formative assessment strategies appear in a variety of formats, there are some distinct ways to distinguish them from summative assessments. I think formative assessment more for teachers than students. I think gone are the days when teachers are not professional (then what?) can you expect expertise from amateur (antonym of professional!!). The teachers should and must be professional. And you should evaluate yourself first how you are doing your job. And these can be done best in formation days. I know I am going to be criticized for the above statements.(who cares?)
Before understanding assessment we should learn the process of learning outcomes( sources IGNOU B.ED STUDY MATERIALS and various other websites) learning happens in six levels: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation.
Now the construction of formative assessment in these six levels. You can create more actions in the respective levels.
Knowledge level
This is the lowest level, during the transaction of lesson you can ask to
How you ask to do
What is …. ?
Define the term. State thales thm.
Find/locate, list
Find the meaning of…
Write the name of the poet
Name the important events
There can be more actions depending on the subject and chapters. But be Careful to select because this is the lowest level of formation.

Comprehension level

How you ask to do
Explain/ interpret
Write in your own words
Who are the main characters
Distinguish between words infectious, contagious

What If there were not zero
Application level

How you ask to do
Apply the knowledge
Solve the situation…
Construct a quadratic equation
Draw a triangle similar to another triangle
Analysis level

How you ask to do
Analyse the situation
Examine the validity
Why the name of this poem ….
Compare between the methods
Can you group by the characteristic..
Synthesis level
How you ask to do
Design a questionnaire to gather information
Compose a new song, invent a new advertisement to a particular product.
Construct a new example…
Imagine that this method were not there..
Devise a new way of ..

Evaluation  level
How you ask to do
Is there a better solution?
Justify the statement…
Verify the validity…
Whether it is true or false.
How effective is/ are ….
 don't forget to provide meaningful comments.